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The new spirit helps make fitness more attainable and less toxic

Paul Landini He is a personal trainer and health educator in Kitchener, Ont.

I occupy a unique field in the world of personal training. The majority of my clients are adults like me, regular people who value exercise but feel a conflict with the fitness culture as a whole. Like me, they have tried to remain open in the face of what is clearly a foolish ideology ("No pain, no gain"? Really?). They would spend hours in the gym every week, all the time wishing they were outside instead. In short, they sipped the steroid-coated Kool-Aid until it became too acid for the stomach, and then went looking for a more palatable option.

The approach I use when working with these daring spirits is the same as the one I use to keep my training/Life Demons at bay. Rather than pursuing big, bold fitness goals, goals that typically consume a great deal of time and emotional energy, our focus is on achieving an attainable but equally challenging standard I like to call “reasonably fit.”

The ethos of "reasonable fit" contrasts starkly with the typical rigorous training style. We prioritize the quality of the movement over the number of reps and groups. Our performance standards are based on what our actual bodies can do in the real world we live in. This means if you’re a middle-aged office worker, you probably don’t need to train for a 600-pound squat. For most people in this demographic, simply being able to get up off the ground in one smooth motion is a much more productive—and achievable—goal.

It was a long road that led me to this place. I have been immersed in the world of fitness for as long as I can remember. An elementary school gym class led to weight training in high school, and from there I jumped into boxing and martial arts; And while I’ve never been very good at these athletic pursuits, they have become the cornerstone of my burgeoning male identity. The gym has become my home away from home. Men’s Health, Muscle and Fitness, Flex – These glossy magazines provided the filter through which I began to see the world.

I can remember feeling the disconnect between my real personality and this one I made. aggressive situations that do not take prisoners; selfish attitude; Misleading notions of what it means to be a man – all felt bogus because, well, it was. But real men don’t care about that kind of navel stare. Real men lift weights. So this is what I have been doing all the time.

So is it any wonder that my twenties were such a mess?

Fortunately, after a decade of getting lost in the pseudo-wild wilderness of this particular subculture, I’m starting to see the light of day. My 'aha moment' came while I was treating shoulder pain which was bothering me because only God knows how long. It hit me all at once, an existential punch that left me feeling lost and embarrassed, but I’m also heartened.

It became clear that my relationship with fitness – and my body – was toxic and ineffective to say the least. I’ve never asked what exactly I’m aiming for when I stick to my eight-week training plan. I never thought about the performance or the aesthetic standards I was following or even who put those standards in the first place. I simply nodded with the rest of the Gym Bros and hit my next group.

But you can not ignore the light. My faith was shaken, and questions kept popping up. Why am I so concerned about muscle mass and body fat? Is it because I put so much money on health and vitality that I lose my butt on a regular basis? Or is it because of a deep-rooted inferiority complex that manifests itself in the constant and desperate quest for approval from others?

These are the kinds of questions that the industrial fitness aggregator prefers not to think about, these are the kinds of questions that lead to people canceling their gym memberships. But I know they get asked because, on top of expressing them myself, as a coach I hear them all the time from the people I work with.

Desire to be reasonably fit is not a concession or a concession. You still need to work hard, you still need to show up and put in the effort on a regular basis. This simply means that there are other aspects of life that are more important than lifting twice your body weight. Leave the hours-long workouts for the so-called alpha. For us reasonably fit people, we train to live rather than the other way around.

Participation For our weekly health and wellness newsletter, your source for nutrition news, fitness tips, and health advice.

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WWF report says online wildlife trade is on the rise in Myanmar

Bangkok (AFP) – Illegal online purchases of wildlife are increasing in Myanmar, threatening public health and endangered species, a report by the World Wildlife Fund shows.

The Friday’s report was released It found that enforcement of the ban on such transactions has weakened amid the political turmoil following the military’s takeover in 2021.

The number of such transactions was up 74% from the previous year to 11,046, almost all of them relating to the sale of live animals. Of the 173 species in circulation, 54 are globally threatened, the report said.

The researchers identified 639 Facebook accounts belonging to wildlife traders. It added that the largest online trading group has more than 19,000 members and dozens of posts per week.

The animals and animal parts bought and sold were elephants, bears, gibbons, Tibetan antelopes, endangered pangolins, and the Asian giant tortoise. The most famous mammals were various types of langurs and monkeys, and they were often bought as pets.

Most of the animals advertised for sale were taken from the wild. It also included the civet cat, which along with pangolins have been identified as potential vectors for the spread of diseases such as SARS and COVID-19.

Sean Martin, who heads the WWF’s Asia Pacific Regional Cybercrime Project, said monitoring the wildlife trade online shows that different species were close to each other, sometimes in the same cage.

"With Asia’s record as a breeding ground for many modern zoonoses, this sharp rise in online trade of wildlife in Myanmar is deeply concerning," he said.

Unregulated trade in wild species and the resulting interactions between wild species and humans raise the risks of new and possibly vaccine-resistant mutations for diseases like COVID-19 that could evolve undetected in non-human hosts into more dangerous variants of the disease, according to experts say.

COVID-19 is one of the many diseases of animals. The killing and selling of so-called bushmeat in Africa was thought to be a source of Ebola. Bird flu likely came from chickens at a market in Hong Kong in 1997. Measles is believed to have evolved from a virus that infected livestock.

said Mary Elizabeth Miranda, an expert in diseases and zoonoses and executive director of the Alumni Field Training Program in Epidemiology at an institution in the Philippines.

Social media and other online platforms have joined forces in a global effort to eradicate the booming trade in birds, reptiles, mammals and animal parts. In Myanmar, most wildlife trade is done through Facebook, which as a member of the Coalition to End Online Wildlife Trade has taken measures to ban or remove the accounts of people involved in such transactions.

But as in other places, new accounts often appear once old accounts are closed, which hampers implementation, the report noted. Easy online access to animals also increases demand, which exacerbates the problem.

Discussions of buying protected species often take place in open groups on Facebook, the report said, indicating that such transactions remain "largely risk-free". Since payments and deliveries are often made using messaging apps, controlling the issue is very difficult.

To highlight the lack of enforcement, people in the illegal wildlife trade in Myanmar often use primitive methods of transporting animals and animal products – with buses being the usual form of transport.

The study by WWF in Myanmar focused on the online trade of animals and other creatures within the country, although there were some imports from neighboring Thailand, especially birds such as macaws, macaws and crocodiles, to India.

She added that some of the deals may include animals or parts being sent to China.

The conservation group said it plans to conduct future studies to better understand Myanmar’s role in the global trade of endangered species.

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Why is the healthy food movement spreading across India

professional food photographer From Mumbai, Pawan Mangalani knew how to eat healthy food, but during the stressful months of the first lockdown, he stopped taking care of himself. Processed foods, sweets, alcohol and soft drinks entered his diet and continued after the pandemic. Manglani, 36, was able to see the changes in his body and stamina. Walking, climbing stairs and playing cricket became difficult. I didn’t want to go out to buy a new set of clothes. On February 1, 2022, I decided I would go discipline Says.

Join the gym and start eating fresh, whole, home-cooked food. He began to look for an alternative to the cola, which he was so fond of. A friend introduced him to a fermented tea called kombucha. Not much is known in India, kombucha has a 2,000-year history and is rich in probiotic bacteria and Antioxidants; It’s also an acquired taste. Mangalani has experimented with a number of brands until he finds a flavor he loves, made by Umami Brew, a Pune brewery that customizes kombucha for the Indian taste using local fruits, herbs and spices.

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Mangalani now has a separate shelf in his fridge to supply him with three months' supply kombucha The bottles he or his friends bring all the way from Pune to his home in Andheri. When he wants a drink, Manglani opens a bottle, serves kombucha in a whiskey glass with plenty of ice, sips it slowly and savors the flavour, relieved that it is good for the body. “I have recommended it to a lot of people and it has helped them shed sugar,” says Manglani. He also doesn’t overdo it with kombucha, keeping it twice a week.

In Mysuru, 18-year-old Arshiya Ruman MZ asks other children not to eat outside unless they are sure of cleanliness. When it comes to her comfort food, ice cream, Arshhiya chooses a meal Dairy Free A brand called Just Gelato uses seasonal fruits and other natural ingredients. She doesn’t have any other ice cream even when she goes out with friends. “The more you eat normally, the better your health. We never knew there was a virus coming upon us that would kill or make people sick. We must choose what we eat wisely so that people see us and also choose responsibly.”

There is a food movement underway in the country, accelerated by the pandemic. People care more about the food they put in their bodies. Conscious eating, who used to be an outsider in his social group because they checked ingredients, nutritional values ​​and hygiene before eating, is now a role model. Cooking blogs, influencer posts, and daily conversations are filled with references to a balanced diet, intermittent fasting and energy supplements. The term "immune booster" has been one of the most searched terms in this pandemic.

In her 2018 book, Ultimate Grandmother Hacks (Rupa), nutritionist Kavita Devgan writes that traditional practices, such as adding raw onions and chili peppers at lunch and Dinner Eating as a family with the TV off has completely disappeared from modern homes. During the pandemic, Delhi-based Devgan has begun noticing a change among its clients, especially millennials (who are an important segment in a country where 66 percent of the population is under 35). “They go back to tradition in the little things, like carrying fruit When they go out because they realize the importance of the antioxidants and enzymes in fruit,” says Devgan, who published another book this year, The Immunity Diet (Rupa). “People are now more aware, reading a lot and adapting faster to a healthier lifestyle than before,” she says. It was like before when they were more focused on just losing weight."

The last time India experienced a major shift in eating habits after economic liberalization was in 1991, when ancient food items gave way to foods rich in sugars, fats and protein. The cola wars and the fast-food boom led to the spread of restaurant chains to major cities, and then second and third tier cities. Uncommon taste of foreign food, from pizza and burgers to coffee and cakesIt attracted Indians who also fed on soap operas and movies from the United States and Europe that brought the Western lifestyle into their living rooms. One consequence of globalization is that India has become one of the world’s hubs for lifestyle diseases.

In June 2022, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation released data stating that monthly deaths due to heart attack increased six times in the first half of 2021 in Mumbai compared to previous years. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), India is home to the second largest adult in the world diabetic Population, and every sixth person infected with the disease in the world is Indian. “The past three decades have seen a 150 percent increase in the number of diabetics in India,” the ICMR statement says.

“We started to realize that we were going the wrong way and had to change our habits, but that was slow because adapting to a healthy process is difficult when we are tempted. Fast food. The pandemic has accelerated the process as people are beginning to gather information about improving their lifestyle. What would take another decade would have happened in two years,” adds Devgn. India was one of the epicenters of the earthquake. COVID-19It is a tragedy in which everyone is lost. There was a lot of misery even in the people who survived the disease. Those who recovered had horrific health concerns. The country’s crumbling healthcare system added to the shock. People realized that their health was their greatest asset – and that it was, to some extent, under their control.

The changing mindset symbol comes packed in Salad Plate. The salad, which was a modest accompaniment, was a meal in itself. Restaurants, independent outlets, and home chefs have begun providing salads and soups in many cities. Delhi-based chef Tanuvee Agarwal maintains a kitchen garden for her upscale catering, called Atticus, which turns lush during the winter months with greens, lettuce, tomatoes, baby potatoes, radishes, carrots, and other vegetables. I started picking them to prepare salads, which offered her a subscription plan – 1,500 rupees for three days a week or 2,500 rupees, five times a week. Agarwal, who worked at the Michelin-starred Atelier Crenn in the US, was surprised by the high demand for salads. “A lot of the people we started sourcing to were working 9-5 from home and didn’t have time to cook. Ordering a salad from a trustworthy place was a relief for them,” she says.

Atticus offerings ranged from kohlrabi, mustard leaf, radish and tatsoi with lemon vinaigrette” with warm lentil soup to “crunchy vegetables, baby carrots, mushrooms, celery with a light chickpea salad” with roasted pepper soup. The number of customers increased 20 percent each year during the first two waves. Agarwal introduced non-vegetarian ingredients in 2021 and plans to increase that range this winter.” “There is a myth that if a person eats salad they reduce calories. If you eat a salad with a lot of mayonnaise, you don’t make it. We focus on producing healthy salads that are low in fat and truly wholesome.

How does one know what is healthy, especially while vegetables the shopping? Myths and jargon abound in the health food market, where harmful products are sometimes described as good food. Two words that have recently entered the consumer’s vocabulary will help clear up confusion – transparency and traceability. The first received a payment in December 2021 when the Delhi High Court required food companies to fully disclose all of their ingredients, including plant and animal sources, on the packaging. The latter is a feature that enables buyers to know the origins of their products.

True Elements was one of the first companies to introduce the traceability feature in India, which offers healthy breakfast and snacks like flavored pumpkin seeds, rolled oats, cashews and protein-rich nuts. berries. If you enter the name of the product with the batch code on the company’s website, you can see its journey from the farms, where the ingredients were purchased, with detailed quality reports. “Since the pandemic hit, customers have become more sensitive about what they are consuming and are more aware of the impact it will have on themselves and the environment. The market is now leaning toward healthy, sustainable foods,” says Puru Gupta, who co-founded True Elements with Shreejith Moolayil in 2015. Especially Clean Label products and components., Nagpur.

Devgan advises that home-cooked food should make up 80 percent of an individual’s diet. However, the industry has found a way to package healthy foods for easier access. According to Prasoon Gupta, co-founder and CEO of Delhi-based Sattviko, whose products include Antioxidant Makhana Snacks, the health food market is growing by 20 percent and is set to reach $30 billion in five years. “More people are looking for a comfortable dining experience without the guilt of overeating unhealthy food Or bargaining for taste."

In December 2021, UK-based market research firm Euromonitor International and PepsiCo India released a report titled “The Impact of COVID-19 on nutrition choices for urban Indian consumers in 2021.” She said nearly 90 per cent of urban consumers would willingly pay more for healthier food alternatives. The food industry’s rapid response indicates that the healthy food movement will gain strength. Right now, chips and unhealthy sweets dominate the shelves, but they’re sharing the space with snacks, desserts and appetizers labeled "vegan," "organic," "gluten-free," and "free of pesticides and artificial ingredients." There is a growing interest in A2 milk. Dairy products and organic groceries.

It has become an even better scene for health-conscious moms like Mumbai-based Pia Desai. She has always been exercising and eating healthily but became more mindful when her children were born about a decade ago. There were few healthy food options available in India at the time, so Desai used to ask friends who traveled abroad to bring baby food and snacks for her children. "With the opening of the market and the entry of new snacks, my life has become easier," she says. Although the communications profession cooks up every day, she solved her daughters tiffin problem by buying Snack-A-Doodle strawberry bouquets. An apple bars. "What I love is that there is no processed sugar. It’s a bit sweeter than the apple and the kids love it," she says.

Snack-A-Doodle was started by two mums in Mumbai, Radhika Pandya and Simar Dal, in April 2021 when online lessons and closed living made the need for nutritious snacks even more pressing. “The pandemic has been a game changer for health-conscious brands. We have seen a 30 percent repeat rate of customers per month. We pride ourselves on being honest about our product ingredients,” says Dhall.

I have noticed the role of big business in the healthy foods market. Among them is Marico, which manufactures Savola cooking oil. The consumer goods giant announced in May 2022 that it had acquired 54 percent of True Elements. “True Elements has built its first phase of growth mostly through a combination of innovative product offerings with clean labels and high consumer confidence. The focus in its next phase will be on building the brand equity further and accelerating its entry into new homes. The investment in True Elements is a conscious step towards accelerating expansion of our food portfolio as we aim to achieve the next ambitious phase of Rs 850-1,000 crore business volume in Foods by fiscal year 24,” says Sanjay Mishra, COO, India, and Director Executive, New Company, Marico Ltd.

Making a lifestyle change begins as a challenging journey, with obstacles like peer pressure and withdrawal symptoms. But studies show that a significant number of people exercise, eat well, and lead healthy lives. The broader rules of healthy eating have not changed in centuries. “With any habit, you have to be patient. Give it time and you will see a change,” says Devgan.

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Democrats seem to be turning to climate and health after ups and downs

Washington – It’s been over a year and I’ve seen a lot of ups and downs. Now, a democratic economic package focused on the climate and health Sponsorship faces hurdles but appears headed toward passing the party line by Congress next month.

The approval would allow President Joe Biden and his party to claim a win as the top priority as the November elections approach. They haven’t forgotten that they came close to approving a much larger version of the bill last year, only to see Senator Joe Manchin, D.

This time, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, DNY, penned a settlement package with Manchin, to everyone’s surprise, turning West Virginia from pariah into partner. This measure is more modest than previous versions, but it still checks the boxes on issues that make Democrats durable.

Here’s what they encounter:

What is in it?

This measure will raise $739 billion in revenue over 10 years and spend $433 billion. More than $300 billion will be left to reduce the federal deficit.

These are meaningful cuts in red ink. But it is small compared to the $16 trillion in new debt that the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office expects to accrue over the next decade.

The package will save consumers and government money by reducing prescription drug prices, and will support the private sector health Insurance for millions of people. It will boost the IRS budget so the tax agency can collect more unpaid taxes.

The plan will promote clean energy and offshore energy drilling, a balance that Manchin, the fossil fuel champion, has demanded. It will also collect new taxes from the largest companies and wealthy hedge fund owners.

It’s a small part of the $3.5 trillion package Biden proposed early in his presidency, which also depicts payments for initiatives like paid family leave and universal preschool. It’s also smaller than the nearly $2 trillion alternative that passed the House last November after Manchin demanded cuts, then derailed the deal anyway, citing inflation concerns.

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It is now called the "Law of Reducing Inflation," but…

… will you do that? It certainly can, but there are defectors.

First, some context.

According to one inflation gauge that the Federal Reserve studies closely, prices jumped 6.8% in June from a year ago, the largest increase in four decades. This came on the heels of government figures that showed the economy contracted again in the last quarter, adding to recession fears.

"Improving tax collection, drug savings and deficit reduction will put downward pressure on inflation," the Committee on Responsible Federal Budget said Friday. Regarding the delirium review, the bipartisan financial watchdog group described the legislation as "the kind of package that lawmakers should put in place to help the economy in many ways."

"Reducing deficits almost always reduces inflation," Jason Furman, a Harvard economics professor who has been President Barack Obama’s chief economic adviser, wrote Friday in the Wall Street Journal. The measure will also reduce inflation by slowing the growth of prescription drug prices, he said.

A more realistic assessment came from the University of Pennsylvania’s Ben Wharton budget model, which analyzes economic issues.

"The law will increase inflation very slightly through 2024 and reduce inflation thereafter. Point estimates are statistically indistinguishable from zero, indicating low confidence that the legislation will have any impact on inflation," the group wrote on Friday.

A chorus of Republicans says the Democrats' bill would be extremely harmful. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Kentucky, calls it a "giant package of massive new job-killing tax increases, the Green New Deal madness that will kill American energy, and prescription drug socialism that will leave us with new, life-saving fewer." Drugs."

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Upcoming changes

The 725-page scale will likely change somewhat.

Schumer said last week that Democrats plan to add language aimed at lowering costs for patients with insulin, a diabetes drug that can cost hundreds of dollars a month.

Insulin price restrictions have been a highlight of the Democrats' biggest package of the past year, including a cap of $35 a month for patients who get the drug through Medicare or private insurance companies. But that fell apart this year as the measure was scaled back.

Senator Jane Shaheen, DN.H. , and Susan Collins, R-Min, Invoice Determining the Price of Insulin. The prospects for this measure diminished after the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimated it would cost about $23 billion and actually increase the price of insulin. Nor did lawmakers take out the 10 Republicans who would be needed to succeed in the 50-50 Senate, where most bills need 60 votes.

It’s unclear what the new insulin language will do to Democrats. Previous language requiring private insurers to cap insulin at $35 a month would violate room rules, which only allow for benefits that primarily affect the federal budget.

Additionally, under the process Democrats use to move the measure through the room by a simple majority, with Vice President Kamala Harris' vote-breaking, he would face multiple amendments in a voting session that could last all night, and there’s no telling whether some will pass.

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horizons

It seems like every Republican is ready to vote "No."

Democrats will need all 50 of their votes in the Senate, as Senator Kirsten Senema, D-Arizona, has yet to make her point.

The Democrats cannot lose more than four House votes to succeed there. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat from California, said Friday that when the Senate approves the package, "we will approve it."

Schumer wants Senate approval next week. He admitted that the schedule "will be difficult" because it will take some time for the parliamentarian in the chamber to ensure that the bill complies with the rules of the Senate.

This, too, will take luck. All 50 Democrats, including the independents who support them, will have to be healthy enough to turn up and vote.

This is not guaranteed. The latest highly contagious COVID-19 variant is spreading across the country. The House has 33 senators aged 70 or over, including 19 Democrats.

Senator Richard Durbin, D-Illinois, 77, was the last senator to announce that he had contracted the disease. Senator Patrick Leahy, D-Vatu, 82, was discharged after hip surgery. Both are expected to return next week.

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How dark chocolate is really good for you: from stimulating your sex life to making you more alert

Sin or snack? It’s hard to think of another food that has been so distorted and overstated as chocolate.

Dieters were told to stay away from them – especially white or milk chocolate – due to their high fat and sugar content.

But mounting studies show that the darker variety has a myriad of health benefits.

Research published this week found that cocoa can lower blood pressure and keep your heart healthy by making veins and arteries more dilated — thanks to antioxidants known as flavanols.

The researchers, from the University of Surrey, urged more people to eat dark chocolate because it is high in cocoa, while the more popular chocolate bars contain very little.

You might be surprised to learn that chocolate is an aphrodisiac, because it is packed with the "love drug" phenylethylamine which boosts libido by increasing levels of endorphins "the happy hormones."

It may also make men’s erections stronger due to its blood flow-enhancing effects.

Scientists have also shown that regularly consuming dark chocolate can improve alertness – a 100-gram bar contains almost as much caffeine as a cup of coffee. It has also been linked to making people happier and reducing the risk of depression.

However, the benefits of eating chocolate are only gained by snacking on options that are high in cocoa, which have a more bitter taste. Relying on sweets for health benefits can lead to weight gain, which can offset health gains.

So, is chocolate a sin or a superfood? And what do the studies show?

What should a balanced diet look like?

Meals should be based on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally whole grains, according to the NHS.

Meals should be based on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally whole grains, according to the NHS.

• Eat at least 5 servings of a variety of fruits and vegetables every day. All fresh, frozen, dried and canned fruits and vegetables count

• Base meals on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates and whole grains

• 30 grams of fiber per day: Like eating all of the following: 5 portions of fruit and vegetables, 2 whole-wheat crackers, 2 thick slices of whole-wheat bread, 1 large baked potato with the skin on

• Have some dairy or dairy alternatives (such as soy drinks) choose options that are lower in fat and lower in sugar

• Eat some beans, legumes, fish, eggs, meat and other proteins (including two servings of fish each week, one of which should be fatty)

• Choose unsaturated oils and fats and consume in small quantities

• Drink 6-8 glasses of water daily

• Adults should have less than 6g of salt and 20g of saturated fat for women or 30g for men per day

Source: NHS Eatwell Guide

protects the heart

The latest evidence praising the health benefits of dark chocolate is a University of Surrey study that showed it can lower blood pressure and make blood vessels more dilated within hours.

This is due to the flavanols – the antioxidants in cocoa – that keep blood vessel walls flexible, allowing blood to flow through the body more easily.

The researchers recruited 11 adults, who took either cocoa capsules or a placebo on alternating days for two weeks. The results showed that their blood pressure was lower and their arteries decreased on the days they consumed the flavanols.

However, those who took part in the study were given a super-strength nutritional supplement that would equate to half a kilogram of dark chocolate – usually sold in 100g bars.

Researchers are still convinced that increasing the amount of dark chocolate you eat will be beneficial, however, even if you don’t eat copious amounts.

The findings are based on those of a separate team of scientists in Portugal, who found that eating dark chocolate every day lowered blood pressure in just one month due to the health benefits of flavanols.

Their finding was based on 30 young men who consumed 20 grams of milk or dark chocolate daily for a month.

Those who ate the high-cocoa chocolate saw their systolic blood pressure drop by 3.5 mmHg, compared to 2.4 mmHg in the lower cocoa group. Diastolic blood pressure decreased by 2.3 mm Hg and 1.7 mm Hg, respectively.

On top of increasing blood pressure and blood vessel health, scientists have also found that it can lower cholesterol.

A team of US researchers asked 31 people to eat 50 grams of dark or white chocolate for 15 days. Scientists found that those who ate dark chocolate had lower blood glucose and 'bad' blood fats, which could have an indirect effect of lowering the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Brain health can be improved

Dozens of studies have shown that flavanols can also improve brain function, as the antioxidants enhance blood flow.

A 2011 study by a team at the University of Reading showed that memory and reaction time were enhanced just two hours after eating dark chocolate, while no benefit was found among those eating white chocolate.

Other studies have indicated long-term benefits.

Researchers at Columbia University found in 2014 that adults in their fifties and sixties who took cocoa supplements for three months performed better on memory tests than those who ate beans low in flavanols. The study authors said their brain was working as well as 30 years old by the end of the study.

A 2017 meta-analysis of existing studies on chocolate and brain health, published in Frontiers in Nutrition, found evidence that it improves brain blood flow, oxygen levels, and nerve function.

The Italian researchers who conducted that study say that in addition to flavanols, the magnesium in chocolate may play a role in increasing the brain’s oxygen supply and reducing the chances of brain damage through stroke.

A separate study conducted by researchers at the University of Glasgow in 2013 concluded that chocolate boosted carbon dioxide levels, improved blood flow and the health of brain cells. This team’s discovery was based on measuring the speed of blood flowing through the brain’s largest artery, while the volunteers ate chocolate.

In 2014, a team from Cornell University in New York identified an antioxidant in a sweet treat called epicatechin that may protect against amyloid plaques that cause Alzheimer’s and other brain diseases.

It could have helped you get through the afternoon stumble

In addition to promoting long-term heart and brain health, chocolate can also offer short-term benefits by manipulating energy levels during an afternoon slump. The snack contains caffeine and theobromine, another stimulant.

US researchers recruited more than 100 young men who ate just one gram of dark chocolate or a placebo for every kilogram they weighed. For example, a person weighing 60 kg (nine and a half stone) is given 60 grams – a little more than the Mars bar.

A 100-gram bar of chocolate contains about 80 mg of caffeine, just under a cup of coffee (95 mg), and 1,000 mg of theobromine – about a third less than a cup of black tea (1600 mg).

Then they underwent brain scans while they engaged in thinking and memory tasks.

The results showed that dark chocolate eaters were more alert and alert than those who ate other snacks. However, the Northern Arizona University team noted that the sweet snack can raise blood pressure, too.

Scientists have found that flavanols - the antioxidants found in dark chocolate - can keep your heart healthy by lowering blood pressure.

Scientists have found that flavanols – the antioxidants found in dark chocolate – can keep your heart healthy by lowering blood pressure.

Unsurprisingly, it makes you happier

Scientists say that eating a few squares of chocolate a day makes people happier.

Last year, a team of Korean scientists conducted what they described as the first-ever study that demonstrated that eating chocolate every day has positive effects on mood.

They recruited about 50 people who ate 30 grams of 85 percent or 70 percent dark chocolate — about a third of a large piece — or nothing at all daily for three weeks. The results of psychological tests showed that those who ate the blackest option were the happiest.

Analysis of volunteers' stool samples indicated that chocolate increases microbial diversity in the gut, specifically the gut bacteria Blautia, which may be the mechanism behind the mood boost. Gut bacteria produce hundreds of neurochemicals that the brain uses to regulate mental processes such as mood, memory, and learning.

Separate research by a team at University College London indicates that those who regularly eat dark chocolate are less likely to develop depression.

They questioned 13,000 people in 2019 about their chocolate consumption and symptoms of depression. Those who reported eating dark chocolate were less likely to suffer from bad moods. However, there was no association between mood and intake of white or milk chocolate.

While the team said the results don’t prove that chocolate fights depression, they do note that it contains a number of psychoactive ingredients — including two forms of anandamine, which produce a euphoric feeling similar to that of cannabis.

Dark chocolate also contains more antioxidants, which reduce inflammation in the body — a reaction that some experts believe is linked to depression.

Trouble in bed? Eat chocolate instead!

Chocolate is said to act as an aphrodisiac – a substance that increases sexual desire – because it is packed with anandamide, a neurotransmitter that targets the same parts of the brain as cannabis, and phenylethylamine, known as the 'love drug'. It mimics the brain chemistry of a person in love. These two components cause the body to release the happy hormones, known as endorphins.

However, studies have yielded conflicting results about the relationship between chocolate consumption and sexual habits.

A University of California study last year concluded that those who ate chocolate more often were less interested in sex. Researchers questioned 1,000 people about their weekly chocolate intake and attitude toward sex.

But an earlier study of 163 women in 2006 by a team at Vita Salut San Raffaele University in Italy found that those who ate more chocolate reported higher levels of sexual desire and pleasure.

However, cocoa also contains methylxanthines, which can make people more lethargic and reduce sexual desire.

And flavonoids — the same blood-flow-promoting antioxidants that mean chocolate supports heart health — may also lead to better erections.

Results published by Harvard researchers in 2016, based on questionnaires sent to 25,000 men, showed that men who consumed three or four servings of flavonoid-rich foods per week were about a tenth less likely to develop erectile dysfunction.

…but the downsides?

Experts warn that many of the studies pointing to the benefits of dark chocolate don’t apply to the real world, as they use cocoa supplements instead of the chocolate people can buy in stores.

This means that people will have to eat a lot of dark chocolate, so that some of the health benefits are offset by the extra calories.

Relying on dark chocolate for flavanols, which are also found in berries, apples, nuts and tea, can lead to weight gain when snacking.

Being overweight or obese increases your risk of type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer — negating any small gains in heart and brain health.

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North Korea reports no new 'fever' cases for the first time since May | Corona virus pandemic news

North Korea has reported no new "fever" cases for the first time since mid-May when it suddenly announced its first local outbreak of COVID-19, and imposed strict measures to curb the spread of the virus.

On Saturday, state media reported that North Korea’s state emergency control center for epidemic control said it had not found any fever patients in the last 24 hours.

She said the total number of cases was about 4.8 million people and about 99.99 percent of patients had fully recovered. About 74 people have died from the virus, according to official figures, making North Korea’s death rate – at 0.0016 percent – the lowest in the world.

Such a low number of deaths is almost "impossible" to achieve, said Shin Young-gyun, a professor at Hanyang University School of Medicine in Seoul.

“It could result from a combination of a lack of testing capacity, accounting for problems given the fact that the elderly have higher chances of dying from COVID-19 mostly from home, and political reasons why the leadership does not want to publicize the massive death toll,” he wrote in Analysis released on Friday.

Infectious disease experts have questioned official updates on the North Korean outbreak from the start, with the World Health Organization saying last month it believed the situation was getting worse, not better, amid the absence of independent data.

Many were also concerned that an outbreak in the isolated country of 26 million people would have dire consequences because few people were vaccinated, many were undernourished, and the health system was in a dilapidated state.

"The organizational strength and unique unity of the (North Korean) society is fully demonstrated in the struggle to achieve victory in the emergency anti-epidemic campaign by fully implementing the anti-epidemic policies of the party and the state," the official Korean Central News Agency said Saturday.

public celebrations

Earlier this month, Pyongyang said it was on its way to finally "defusing" the outbreak even as its neighbors resurfaced in cases driven by omicron variants.

The daily number of cases has fallen sharply in recent days with three cases reported on Friday and 11 on Thursday compared to a peak of about 400,000 cases per day in May. The state has identified only a small percentage of patients as confirmed cases of COVID-19 due to a lack of testing kits.

In a sign that the outbreak has subsided, North Korea last week held massive public events in the capital, Pyongyang, as thousands of Korean War veterans and others from across the country gathered to celebrate the 69th anniversary of the end of the Korean War. Pictures published on state media showed that few people were wearing masks.

Shin Young-gyun, a professor of preventive medicine at Hanyang University in Seoul, says North Korea knows that zero cases does not mean there is no COVID-19 due to the spread of asymptomatic cases, so it is likely not to announce that it has officially defeated the epidemic. anytime soon.

North Korea’s state media has already used expressions such as winning its battle against viruses. Shen said the only other expression they can use now is to announce the complete elimination of the Corona virus from its territory. "But if new cases emerge again, North Korea will lose face."

Given the long and porous border with China, North Korea’s main ally, Li Yuhan, a professor at the Graduate School of Public Health in the South, said it would also likely find it difficult to declare victory over the epidemic until China did so. Korea.

The border between North Korea and China has been largely closed for more than two and a half years, except for a few months when it reopened earlier this year, and it remains unclear whether it will open.

Kim Jong-un in a white shirt smiles as he shakes hands with a group of Korean War veterans - in uniform - during Victory Day celebrations
Kim Jong-un was photographed without a mask while meeting veterans during festivities earlier this week [KCNA via Reuters]

China is currently battling a number of COVID-19 outbreaks in various cities across the country, but remains committed to its COVID-free strategy to eradicate the virus wherever it appears.

"Since the state media were also talking about the variables, whether or not they will relax virus rules and lift border closures remains to be seen," said an official at South Korea’s Unification Ministry, which deals with cross-border relations.

The Korean Central News Agency said the mobile rapid treatment force was still on high alert and efforts were working to "discover and eliminate the epidemic" until the last patient recovered.

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How to protect your life from stagnation amid economic uncertainty

New York (AFP) – Gas, food and rent prices are on the rise. The Federal Reserve raises interest rates to its highest level since 2018. The US economy has contracted for two consecutive quarters.

Economists are divided over whether a recession is on the horizon. What is clear is that economic uncertainty is not going away any time soon. But there are steps you can take now to be prepared for whatever is to come.

Yiming MaD., an assistant professor at Columbia University, says the question is not whether a recession will happen but when it will happen. She said people should prepare but not panic.

“Historically, the economy has always been in an ups and downs,” Ma said. "It’s something that just happens, it’s a bit like catching a cold."

But it does suggest that some people’s immune systems are better able to recover than others. It’s the same with finances. If you think an economic recession could destabilize you, here are a few things you can do to prepare.

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Know your expenses and create a budget

Knowing how much you spend each month is key. Ma recommends sitting down and writing how much you spend day in and day out. This will help you know what will happen, what will happen, and unnecessary expenses that you may be able to cut.

"By understanding the money you’re getting and what you’re spending, you may be able to make changes to help you through tough times," advises the FDIC. smart moneyFinancial education programme.

Budgets often reveal expenses that can be eliminated entirely or impulsive spending that can be avoided by planning.

For tips on creating a budget, free courses like " Create a budget (and stick to it) By CT Dollars and Sense, a partnership of Connecticut state agencies, and Nerd Wallet’s Budget Calculator They can be good places to start.

Save what you can

The more nonessential expenses you can cut, the more you can save.

It’s not possible for everyone, but Jane Natalie, co-founder of Troutwood, an app that helps people create financial plans, says it’s ideal to budget to save enough to cover basic necessities for three to six months.

Programs like America savesa not-for-profit campaign by the Consumers Federation of America, could help create a roadmap.

Ma said, if you have a savings account, it is important to check if your bank gives you a good interest rate and to shop if not.

Her advice is to watch monthly fee Or service charges that may eat up your savings. But don’t limit your options. Online banks sometimes offer better rates than traditional banks.

Collect your loans and don’t take any more

With interest rates rising, experts recommend consolidating your loans for a single fixed rate loan and, if possible, paying off as much of your debt as possible.

“Job security tends to be worse when the recession comes, and this is not a great time to build up debt,” Ma said.

But Pay off your current debts Easier said than done. FTC Consumer Advice Guide for Get out of debt It can help you make a plan.

With interest rates rising, it’s also not a great time to get new loans for big expenses like cars, although experts recommend that if you need durable items like vacuum cleaners, stoves or dishwashers, you can buy them as soon as possible to avoid increases prices in the future.

Visit second hand stores and yard sales

Allen Galleon, a home care provider in California, has been affected for months by the soaring prices of household staples like groceries, paper towels, and gas on his commute.

Hi-C’s son’s favorite orange juice, which was $1.99 for a six-pack, is now $2.50.

Since the beginning of the pandemic, when Galleon stopped caring for multiple families for one client to reduce health risks, his family has dealt with financial instability.

One of the choices he made was to buy items like clothes or electronics Used whenever possible, whether from Goodwill, Pawn Shops or Craigslist. And Craigslist lets you search by area, for less driving — which means less gas and hassle.

Negotiate your monthly bills

Since the pandemic, many companies have updated their relief policies and become more flexible with users, according to Kia McAllister Young, principal. America saves.

McCallister Young said that calling monthly providers to negotiate bills — whether it’s utilities, phone or cable service, internet or car insurance — can lead to meaningful savings. Individuals can request the best rate or any available discounts, discounts or vouchers that can result in a reduced monthly fee. She added that if the service provider is competitive with other companies, there is a better chance of getting a discount.

"If you tell them, 'I’m thinking of a change' or you’re shopping, it helps – if they know you’re thinking of leaving, they’ll give you the best rate, and the goal now is to find as much cash flow as possible."

Check out federal programs like Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, Which helps cover bills, and Lifeline that can help phone bills. If you are not sure if you qualify for any federal or state program, you He can call 211which will connect you to a local professional who can help you.

Switch your groceries

Among the recommendations from American Consumer Federation.

“A lot of stores have price matching, so if you show them that a competitor is selling the same product at a lower price, they will match,” McAllister Young said. "You also want to look at the stores closest to you, so you’re not spending the extra money you might save on gas."

An alternative way to save money on groceries is to check out food sharing apps like oleo, that connects people around their community to share extra groceries, and very good to go, Where customers can buy corporate surplus food at a discount.

Look at government assistance programs

Even with these saving and spending practices, a month’s wage is not always enough to cover important expenses. If this is your case, programs across the country are available to help you.

"Sometimes there just isn’t enough 'end of the month' at the end of the month," said Michael Best, an attorney at the National Consumer Law Center who works on financial services cases.

To take advantage of these resources, check if you qualify for Emergency Rental Assistance ProgramAnd the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance ProgramAnd the Farmers Market Feeding Programor the homeowner assistance fund. All of these are federal programs coordinated by state governments. Some states offer additional local programs for their residents.

Looking for community help

If you are food or housing insecure, find nonprofit or community organizations around you. From housing support And the food pantry to me Utility helpNon-profit organizations across the country can help. National organizations such as Feeding America It hosts food banks in all 50 states.

Kavita Mehra said from Sakhi for South Asian womenan organization that helps survivors of domestic violence in New York City.

Her organization provides housing, food, and emergency cash assistance to people in the community. Between January and June, she said, her group distributed more than $150,000 in emergency cash assistance to survivors who had the most trouble turning out the lights and putting food on the table. This is more than last year.

Food aid organizations such as Abundant harvestAnd the America is hungry And the Save the United States Food Offers maps that allow users to search a nearby food bank by typing in their zip code.

Take care of your mental health

Between worrying about bills and not knowing what your financial future might look like, your stress levels can go to the surface.

"It’s a feverish existence," Galleon said. "You have to do a lot of management, and you have to keep calm, for the sake of your mental health."

Debra Kessin, Clinic Director Light on CBT Anxiety Treatment CenterHe recommends first identifying when your body is under stress. Then she recommends mindfulness exercises such as breathing and touching the wall to calm yourself down and complete The Five Senses for Anxiety Relief Exercise.

Most health insurance covers some form of mental health assistance. If you do not have health insurance, you can search for registered therapists across the country, including through FindTreatment.gov and the American Anxiety and Depression Association Guide.

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The Associated Press receives support from the Charles Schwab Foundation for educational and interpretive reporting to improve financial literacy. The independent foundation is separate from the Charles Schwab & Co. Foundation. The Associated Press is solely responsible for its press.

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Asian stocks rose mostly after the rally on Wall Street | Health, medicine and fitness

By YURI KAGEYAMA – AP . Business Writer

TOKYO (AP) – Asian stocks rose mostly on Friday after a broad rally on Wall Street, but the main index in Hong Kong fell more than 2%.

Investors seem to have become more convinced that The Federal Reserve may ease Sharp interest rate increases are aimed at curbing inflation after the Commerce Department reported US economy shrinking at a rate of 0.9% annually in the most recent quarter. This followed a 1.6% year-over-year decline in the first quarter.

Investors have been cautiously eyeing regional tensions over China’s stance on Taiwan after President Zhou Biden and China, Xi Jinping Talk for more than two hours on Thursday. China left no doubt that it blamed the United States for the worsening relationship, but the White House said the point of the call was to "manage our differences responsibly and work together where our interests coincide."

Hong Kong’s Hang Seng fell 2.3% to 20148.90 and the Shanghai Composite fell 0.7% to 3,258.86 after China’s leaders acknowledge that the economy is suffering It will not reach the official growth target of 5.5% this year.

The announcement came after a planning meeting of the ruling Communist Party on Thursday that Beijing will try to support sagging consumer demand but will stick to tough anti-COVID-19 tactics that have disrupted manufacturing and trade. highlights The high cost of the Xi government is willing to bear To stem the virus in a politically sensitive year as he is widely expected to try to extend his term in power.

Japan’s Nikkei 225 lost 0.3% to 27750.17, while Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 rose 0.8% to 6947.30. South Korea’s Kospi rose 0.4% to 2,446.22 points.

Japanese government data showed that factory production in June jumped 8.9% from the previous month, marking the first rise in three months. The last dilution of Pandemic lockdowns In China to promote Japanese production.

“On the economic data front, the easing of Chinese restrictions also resulted in stronger-than-expected June production for Japan, as the reopening of China is likely to have a positive impact across the region in the second half of the year,” Yip said. Jun Rong, Market Strategist at IG in Singapore.

The rise in the number of COVID-19 infections to record levels in many parts of Japan has raised alarm. But Robert Carnell, ING’s regional head of research for Asia Pacific, thinks Japan’s second-quarter gross domestic product, or gross domestic product, will rebound marginally from the first-quarter contraction.

On Thursday, the S&P 500 rose 1.2% to 4072.43, while the Dow Jones added 1% to close at 32,529.63. The Nasdaq rose 1.1% to 12162.59. The Russell 2000 Index rose 1.3% to 1873.03.

Consecutive quarters of lower GDP are an unofficial, if not definitive, indicator of what economists call a technical recession.

The GDP report indicated weakness across the economy. Consumer spending slowed as Americans bought fewer goods. Business investment declined. Inventories fell as companies slowed to restock shelves, lagging 2 percentage points of GDP.

The Federal Reserve has made a slowing US economy to tame the highest inflation in 40 years its goal by raising interest rates, most recently on Wednesday. The latest GDP report, along with recent weak economic data, may give some investors confidence that the central bank will be able to cushion the scale of any further rate hike.

In a research note Thursday, Jonathan Golub, chief US equity strategist at Credit Suisse Securities, said, “Whether or not we are in a recession will be debated by academics in the coming months. However, today’s report unequivocally reflects significant weakness in activity." economy, and increases the likelihood that the Fed will turn pacifist.”

The central bank raised its key short-term interest rate by 0.75 percentage points on Wednesday, taking it to the highest level since 2018. The move sparked a broad market recovery led by technology shares that helped give the Nasdaq its biggest gain in more than two years. . All major indexes are now on track for weekly gains, extending Wall Street’s strong rally in July.

In a week packed with corporate earnings reports, investors focused on what companies are saying about inflation and the impact of higher interest rates on their businesses and customers.

Technology stocks, retailers, restaurant chains and other companies that rely on direct consumer spending helped lift the S&P 500 index on Thursday. Microsoft shares rose 2.9 percent, Target added 3.1 percent, and McDonald’s rose 1.8 percent.

Telecom services stocks were the only lagging behind. Meta Platforms fell 5.2% after the social media giant said its revenue fell last quarter for the first time ever, weighed down by a drop in ad spend.

Shares of Spirit Airlines rose 5.6 percent after JetBlue It agreed to buy the low-cost airline for $3.8 billion Creation of the fifth largest airline in the country. The day before, Spirit’s attempt to merge with Frontier Airlines had collapsed. Frontier Airlines jumped 20.5%.

In energy trading, benchmark US crude rose 25 cents to $97.28 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It lost 84 cents to $96.42 on Thursday.

Brent crude, the international pricing standard, rose 3 cents to $101.86 a barrel.

In currency trading, the US dollar fell to 133.24 Japanese yen from 134.27 yen late Thursday. The price of the euro came to $ 1.0220, a slight increase from $ 1.0199.

AP Business Contributing Writer Alex Veiga.

Yuri Kageyama is on Twitter https://twitter.com/yurikagyyama

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

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US official says Biden and Xi could meet in person | Health, medicine and fitness

By Chris Mejerian and Zeke Miller, The Associated Press

A senior US administration official said after the two leaders spent more than two hours on Thursday talking about the future of their complicated relationship, with tension over the future of their complicated relationship. Taiwan It reappears as a flash point.

Biden made the phone call from the Oval Office, where he was joined by his top aides, including Secretary of State Anthony Blinken. The official declined to be identified to speak about the private conversation.

When Biden was vice president, he spent many hours with Xi in the United States and China, an experience he often remembers as he talks about the two countries' opportunities for conflict and cooperation. However, they have not met in person since Biden became president last year.

Xi left mainland China only once, To visit Hong KongSince the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it has been Officially invited to Indonesia In November for the upcoming G20 summit of the world’s leading economies, making the conference a potential location for a meeting with Biden.

The latest pressure on Taiwan is the possible visit of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to the island, which has ruled itself for decades but China maintains as part of its territory.

Xi confirmed the allegations during his call with Biden, according to China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

"He who plays with fire will perish with it," the ministry said. Hopefully, the US will be clear in his eyes about this. "

The White House released its own description of the conversation on Taiwan, saying that Biden "emphasized that US policy has not changed and that the United States firmly opposes unilateral efforts to change the status quo or undermine peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait."

The White House said the goal of the call, which began at 8:33 a.m. EST and ended at 10:50 a.m. EDT, was to "manage our differences responsibly and work together where our interests align."

As usual, China leaves no doubt that it blames the United States for the deterioration of relations between the two countries.

“President Xi stressed that dealing with and defining Sino-US relations in terms of strategic competition and viewing China as the primary competitor and that the most serious long-term challenge would be to misunderstand Sino-US relations and misread China’s development, and would mislead the people of the two countries and the international community, The Ministry of Foreign Affairs said.

Yun Sun, director of the China program at the Stimson Research Center, said that while Beijing’s warning not to play with fire on Taiwan on Thursday drew attention, it did not represent an escalation of its usual diplomatic rhetoric.

Sun noted that both the United States and China said the conversation covered a wide range of topics, from the epidemic to climate change. She described it as "more positive than the two leaders telling each other, well, we’ll stick to our positions on Taiwan."

She also suggested that Xi might have an incentive to calm tensions as he seeks to obtain Third term as president.

"They cannot afford to rupture the relationship with the United States," she said.

The call with Xi took place as Biden aims to find new ways to work with China and contain its influence around the world. Differing views on global health, economic policy and human rights have long tested the relationship — with China refusing to condemn it Russian invasion of Ukraine Add more pressure.

The last pressure point was House Speaker Nancy Pelosi Possible visit to Taiwan, which has a democratic government and receives unofficial defense support from the United States, but which China considers part of its territory. Beijing said it would view such a trip as a provocation, a threat US officials are taking increasingly seriously in light of Russia’s incursion into Ukraine.

"If the United States insists on going its own way and challenging China’s net profit, it will certainly be met with strong responses," Zhao Lijian, a Chinese foreign ministry spokesman, told reporters earlier this week. "All consequences of this will be borne by the United States."

Pelosi will be the highest-ranking elected US official to travel to Taiwan since then Republican Newt Gingrich visited the island in 1997 When he was Speaker of Parliament. Biden told reporters last week that US military officials believe the spokesman’s visit to the island "is not a good idea" at the moment.

John Kirby, a US national security spokesman, said Wednesday that it is important for Biden and Xi to touch the base regularly.

"The president wants to make sure that the lines of communication with President Xi remain open because they need to," Kirby told reporters at a White House briefing. "There are issues on which we can cooperate with China, and there are issues that there are obviously frictions and tensions."

Biden and Xi last spoke in March, Soon after the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

“This is one of the most important bilateral relationships in the world today, and it has ramifications that go beyond both individual countries,” Kirby said.

Biden moved to shift US dependence on Chinese manufacturing, including Final congressional approval Thursday Legislation to encourage semiconductor companies to build more high-tech factories in the United States

He also wants to mobilize global democracies to support infrastructure investment in low- and middle-income countries as an alternative to China’s "Belt and Road Initiative", which aims to boost China’s trade with other global markets.

Biden has kept Trump-era tariffs on many goods manufactured in China in order to maintain influence over Beijing. But he is considering whether at least some of them should be loosened to reduce the impact of high inflation on American households.

US officials have also criticized China’s "COVID-free" policy of mass testing and lockdowns in an effort to contain the spread of COVID-19 in its territory, calling it misleading and worrying that it will further slow global economic growth.

Other points of tension include China’s treatment of Uyghur Muslims, which the United States has declared a genocide, the militarization of the South China Sea, and its global campaign of economic and political espionage.

Associated Press writers Ken Moritsugu and Joe MacDonald contributed from Beijing, and Ellen Nikmeyer contributed from Washington.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

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Study finds that supplemental vitamin D will not reduce fractures in healthy older adults

Take 2,000 international units (IU) per day of supplemental vitamin D3 without calcium throughout the cycle More than five years did not reduce hip, wrist, or pelvic fractures when compared to taking a placebo daily, according to the study. Published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine.

A placebo is a dummy pill that is given to patients so that they believe they are receiving the real treatment.

“This is the largest and longest running randomized controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in the United States – 25,871 men and women from all 50 states were enrolled, including 20% The participants were black," said study author Dr. Meryl LeBeouf, chief of calcium and bone in the division of endocrinology, diabetes and hypertension at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.

"Overall, the results of this large clinical trial do not support the use of vitamin D supplements to reduce fractures in generally healthy American men and women," said LeBeouf, M.D., professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.

"The validity of the study is excellent. It is in line with previous data showing that populations not selected for vitamin D deficiency do not benefit from vitamin D supplementation," said Dr. Ann Rintomes Capola, M.D., clinical professor of medicine in the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes. Metabolism at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine in Philadelphia.

"The data from randomized clinical trials is the highest level of data, and those trials have repeatedly failed to show the benefit of any vitamin when given to an unselected group of the study," said Capola, who was not involved in the study.

It does not apply to everyone

However, the study results won’t apply to people who are severely deficient in vitamin D, LeBeouf said. It also does not apply to anyone with low bone mass, which is less than optimal bone mineral density, or osteoporosis, a bone-thinning disease that causes bones to become so fragile that a fall or even mild stress may cause a fracture.

A higher dose of vitamin D is not necessary if you are a healthy, middle-aged or older adult who does not have bone disease or a vitamin D deficiency.

"This is a major public health problem in the United States," LeBeouf said. "One in two women aged 50 or older will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their remaining life." "It’s really important that patients with osteoporosis be evaluated for the many underlying factors that contribute to osteoporosis to see if there are any reversible causes."

LeBeouf said the study’s findings also do not apply to older adults in nursing homes, due to the unique factors that apply to their living environments.

“They shouldn’t "Go out and expose their skin to the sun, which is a major source of revitalizing vitamin D," she said. “They may not have good nutrition, they may have other medical conditions or digestive issues, so they should talk to their doctor. About patient care.”

The need for vitamin D

The body needs vitamin D. The main function of the vitamin is to help the body absorb calcium from the intestines – in fact, the body cannot absorb calcium unless vitamin D is present. The vitamin also plays a role in immune health, brain cell activity, and how muscles work.

Study says vitamin D and fish oil supplements may help prevent autoimmune diseases
In the United States, 15 micrograms or 600 international units (IU) of vitamin D daily is recommended for adults up to age 70. year, according to National Institutes of Health.
For adults greater than 70, the dose goes up to 20 mcg or 800 IU per day. American Academy of Pediatrics Recently doubled the recommended amount for infants, children and teens Up to 10 micrograms or 400 international units per day.

Unlike water-soluble vitamins, which the body can easily get rid of, vitamin D and its cousins ​​A, E and K accumulate In the liver cells and body fat until needed. Eating a large amount of the recommended daily dose can increase the levels of toxins.

a 2017 study It found that 3% of Americans took more than the tolerable upper limit of 4,000 IU per day for adults, putting themselves at risk of overdose. About 18% took more than 1,000 IU daily.
Right after the first year, a British man began experiencing nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea and frequent bouts of vomiting, along with cramps in the legs and ringing in the ears after a month of taking massive amounts of vitamin D three times. day. His doctor said his vitamin D levels had been high for several months.

Experts caution if vitamin D supplementation is being considered, then daily levels of vitamin D obtained from food should be taken into account. In addition to fortified foods, eggs, cheese, shiitake mushrooms, salmon, swordfish, tuna, rainbow trout, and beef liver contain vitamin D, as does cod liver oil.

Experts say anyone concerned about their vitamin D levels should have it evaluated by a doctor.

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